The ancient Republic of San Marino is the only survivor among the many independent city-states that existed in Italy before its unification in the nineteenth century. As the fulcrum has the Monte Titano, which stands at the center of the territory, and that, starting from 2008 was included by UNESCO together with the entire historiographic center a World Heritage Site because "testimony to the continuity of a free republic since the thirteenth century ".
La Rocca di San Marino, also known under the name Guaita ( "guard") or First Tower, is the oldest and largest of the fortresses built on the three peaks of Mount Titano: dates back to the tenth century, but in later centuries has been strengthened several times. It has a pentagonal base and stands, looking down the cliff, has no foundation and was built for defensive purposes.
The second peak of Monte Titano, the highest, at 756 meters high, on the other hand stands the Cesta Castle, also called Fratta. Built in the late eleventh century, which is also a pentagonal plan,
It was the seat of the guard. For this also welcomed some of the prison cells.
Third according to the MontaleTower dates from the late thirteenth century. It is the smallest in size, but has played a strategic role in the defense: it is placed in the best location for the lookout. It is a fortress from the pentagonal, it restored several times over the centuries. It houses a deep prison eight meters, called "bottom of the tower."
Si ringraziano per la cortese concessione delle loro fotografie:
Comune di Bagno di Romagna, Cooperativa Atlantide, Pier Luigi Ricci, Massimo Schiumarini, Caterina Rigoni, Federico Locatelli, Mattia Vesco, Miriam Narducci, Nevio Agostini